“Grown to Dye” DIY Tips

By Deena C. Bouknight

Debby Greenlaw, featured in the March issue of Columbia Metropolitan in an article titled “Grown to Dye,” shares her fiber arts techniques for those who wish to try their hand at this old-fashioned craft.


Step 1:  Weigh the quantity of dyestuff.

A general rule of thumb is to use equal weights of dry raw dyestuff and dry goods (fiber, fabric). Light and medium values require less dyestuff.

Step 2:  Add enough water to cover the dyestuff plus a little more to allow for evaporation during heating.

Extracting the dye from the dyestuff ahead of time instead of dyeing the goods directly with the raw dyestuff prevents pieces of the dyestuff from catching in the goods or dyeing them unevenly.

Note – If  adding dyestuff directly to the dyepot, place the dyestuff in some type of bag (such as a nylon mesh bag). Natural dye powders or extracts go directly into the dyepot.

Step 3:  Heat to and maintain simmer for 30–60 minutes. Be aware that some dye pigments are heat sensitive and will lose their brilliancy at higher heat.

Step 4:  Check color after 30 minutes; check again every 5 minutes if desiring a deeper color. When the extraction is complete, let the bath cool down, remove the dyestuff, and strain for smaller pieces.

If you think that there may be more color left in the dyestuff, first pour the extracted dye solution into a separate pot or container. For subsequent extractions, repeat procedure using fresh water each time. This procedure can be repeated until no more dye color is released.

Step 5:  Ready for the dyeing process.


Step 1:  Place the extracted dye in the dyepot. If you’re using a powder/liquid dye extract, completely dissolve it in warm-to-hot water and then add to dyepot. If using a dye extract, the concentration level varies; this information is provided by the supplier.

Step 2:  Add enough water to cover the goods and so they can move freely. The additional water will not weaken the value of the color, which is determined by the amount of dyestuff in proportion to the amount of fiber.

Step 3:  Soak goods to be dyed in water for at least 30 minutes.

Step 4:  Add the well-wetted goods to the dyepot.

Step 5:  Slowly heat the dyepot to a simmer, and hold at this temperature for at least 30 minutes. Gently rotate the goods to allow even penetration of the dye.

Note: Special care must be taken with wool to prevent felting. 

Step 6: Check the color of the goods after 30 minutes. When desired color (typically color appears darker when wet than when dry), turn off the heat.

Step 7: Remove goods, gently squeeze out excess liquid, rinse in water, and hang it to dry

Alternative – Let fiber or yarn cool down in the dyepot overnight. Some dyes, such as cochineal, intensify while cooling.

Step 8: After you have removed the goods from the dyebath, assess the color of the bath. If some dye is still present, you can dye more goods in what is now termed the exhaust bath. Each successive dyeing will yield a color of lighter value than the previous one.

For more hands-on information about fiber arts and to learn about fiber workshops, visit Debby’s Flora & Fiber Handcrafting Traditions site: http://www.florafiber.live.


Tasting Notes

Savory temptations await at the S.C. Philharmonic’s signature fundraiser

By Deena C. Bouknight

The South Carolina State Museum is the site of this year’s Tasting Notes, an evening of food and wine to raise funds for the S.C. Philharmonic. Scheduled for Monday, March 26 from 6:30 to 10 p.m., Tasting Notes is expected to attract 550 foodies and oenophiles from throughout the Midlands. The goal of the event is to raise at least $50,000. This is the S.C. Philharmonic’s signature annual fundraising event. Monies raised support a variety of community musical events, including Master Series concerts and the Healing Harmonies concerts at local hospitals.

Attendees will have a chance to sample foods from 19 different restaurants, as well as 50 quality wines from around the world. A few wineries represented include Cakebread, J. Lohr, and King Estate. Plus, there are opportunities to savor Tinder Box cigars and Twisted Spur beer, and the Gourmet Shop will have an array of various cheeses.

Additionally, a silent auction will feature these signature items such as:

  • One week stay in a charming, 3 bedroom/3 bath country home in Nyons, France
  • A two-night stay at the Ledson Hotel in historic Sonoma Square, including a private wine tasting for two at the Ledson Winery in Sonoma, California
  • Artwork from local artists
  • Charleston getaways
  • A variety of high end wines from around the world
  • Other surprises!

Music is provided by Reggie Sullivan Quartet and the Dreher High School steel drum ensemble.

Upon arrival, attendees can take advantage of complimentary Southern Valet parking, while Checker Yellow Cab service offers complimentary rides home.

Tickets are $100 each and can be purchased on scphilharmonic.com/TastingNotes. Attire is business casual.

See you there!


Margaret with Doziers



Standing at a full 5 feet 9 inches, I have always considered myself tall. While I have certainly met plenty of women taller, I was nip and tuck with the tallest on my basketball team in high school, and I have often lamented with fellow tall friends the woes of towering above the crowd if we wear heels higher than 2 inches.

That is to say, I considered myself tall until I met the Dozier brothers, appropriately dubbed “the twin towers.” These USC legends left a lasting imprint on Carolina basketball and have made their mark on the Midlands community as well, staying to build their lives here and coach the emerging talent on Columbia’s courts. Towering at 6’11 and 6’9 respectively, Perry and Terry are hard to miss. Apparently, the average doorjamb sits at about 6’8, meaning that every time they enter or exit a room, they must duck. “I hit my head about three times a year,” Perry says with a chuckle. “It’s not so much remembering to duck, it’s when you think you’re clear and come back up under it that can be trouble.”

Perry shares that his girlfriend in college drove a Honda Civic, and in order for him to drive it, he had to recline the seat all the way flat and then sit on the headrest, which was lying on the back seat. “So pretty much, I was sitting in the back row of the car,” he says with a laugh, “and I would look out of the backseat windows. I used to drive a Porsche, and when people would come up to it all impressed and amazed, at first I thought it was because they liked the car. That was not it at all — they wanted to see how I fit into it!”

Growing up, their mother, Paula Dozier, who already had to buy clothes in pairs for her twins, would instead buy pants in sets of four. “She would cut one pair at the knee and then sew most of the legs from the second pair to it,” remembers Terry. This led her to learn to sew so she could then make their own extra-long, custom pants without horizontal seems. “We didn’t have a lot, but we were always proud of what she gave us. She would embroider our names on our clothes so people knew who was who … and so we knew whose was whose!”

Apparently, clothes sharing was not as common between their closets as one would think. Perry was meticulous with his clothes but says that Terry would come home from school and then go out to play football with friends without changing. “And then he would come in and sleep in those same clothes!” he says, shaking his head. It thus comes as no surprise that Perry later moved into the clothing realm professionally and has owned three stores, one of which he still operates, offering custom suits for tall men.

Despite their surface similarities of height and preeminence on the basketball court, Terry shares that they are actually opposites in most ways. Terry has always been more laid back and casual. Perry says that while he considers arriving on time already late, he always had to wake Terry up for school because he was continually running behind.

One way, however, that they are both incredibly similar is their easy laugh and sincere smile. I thoroughly enjoyed getting to know more about two of Columbia’s all-star athletes and leaders through Julie Turner’s article on page 62. I hope you enjoy learning about these two amazing men as well as the other inspiring individuals in this issue.

EX LIBRIS ONLINE– Bonhoeffer:  Pastor, Martyr, Prophet, Spy

A tale of spine-chilling drama, history, and heroism

By Deena C. Bouknight

exlibris-5e7e8392-a367aaceDespite its intimidating size at 600 pages, Eric Metaxas’ biography Bonhoeffer:  Pastor, Martyr, Prophet, Spy is a page turner. Metaxas, who also penned the recent biography of Martin Luther just in time for the 500th anniversary of the Protestant Reformation this past October, clearly conveys ardent fascination of his subjects. In fact, to write about Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Metaxas traveled to Germany to not only research the man’s life, but to also sit down with those who actually knew him before his life was cut short by the Nazis. Metaxas writes in his acknowledgements: “To have broken bread with those who broke bread with the subject of this book was an unmerited honor I will treasure all my life.”

While digging into his subject’s life, Metaxas learned of commonality.  Metaxas’ maternal grandfather was a “reluctant” German soldier killed during World War II in 1944. Dietrich Bonhoeffer – who not only resisted going along with his native country’s Nazi movement, but was involved in a plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler – was murdered the following year. Metaxas says that this correlation left him staggered when he first heard Bonhoeffer’s story. He shared in a Harper’s Magazine 2010 interview about the book: “As a German-American, I was especially touched by his story, because he was a German who had spoken up for those who couldn’t speak. First and foremost for the Jews of Europe, but also for many like my grandfather, who were powerless and who in their own way were also victims of the Nazis.”


Metaxas sets up the story of who Bonhoeffer was and who he came to be with the first chapter, aptly titled “Family and Childhood,” yet, this is no dry, encyclopedia beginning. Descriptively, the author shows readers the idyllic, faithful, and protected home in which he was raised. It was a home where he and his twin sister, Sabine, as well as six other siblings, were encouraged by his teacher mother and his psychiatrist father – who held the appointment of the chair of psychiatry and neurology in Berlin until his death in 1948 – to think critically.  Metaxas writes, “Karl Bonhoeffer taught his children to speak only when they had something to say. He did not tolerate sloppiness of expression any more than he tolerated self-pity or selfishness or boastful pride. His children loved and respected him in a way that made them eager to gain his approval.”

Thus was implanted in Dietrich a gift for quality articulation; he learned that his spoken and written words could hold weight, and he decided to pursue a degree in theology and a calling as a pastor. Yet, while he was learning to hone his skills for expression and rhetoric, Adolf Hitler was rising to power and squelching not only free speech but freedom of religion as well. Instead of aligning himself with Hitler’s views as early as 1933, when Hitler deemed himself chancellor of Germany, the 25-year-old pastor and lecturer of systematic theology immediately began to speak against them. In fact, two days after Hitler became the most powerful man in Germany, Dietrich delivered a radio address that caused many – including Hitler and his minions – to take notice. Ardently, Dietrich warned fellow Germans not to idolize the Fuhrer and become seduced onto a compromising path; the radio address was cut off mid-sentence.

Thus began the dangerous journey on which Dietrich never wavered. His writings, speaking engagements, preaching, and meetings with secret anti-Nazi spies lead him closer and closer to peril. He even established the Confessing Church in an attempt to keep Hitler from destroying Christianity in Germany. A master of the profound quote, Dietrich wrote, “The question is really: Christianity or Germanism? And the sooner the conflict is revealed in the clear light of the day the better.”

Partly because his beloved twin sister Sabina married a cultural Jew who was baptized Christian, but mostly because he was a man of God who considered all human beings worthy of respect and honor, often quoting Galatians 3:28 — “There is neither Jew nor Greek, bond nor free, male nor female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus,” Dietrich entreated true believers to stand against the harsh treatment of Jews by Nazis. One of his most reflective one-liners is this: “Not to speak is to speak; not to act is to act.”

Mid-way through the book, Metaxas even begins to weave in the love story between Dietrich and Maria von Wedemeyer that would, sadly, not come to fruition.

Significantly, Metaxas begins each chapter with a weighty quote by either Dietrich Bonhoeffer, those who knew him, or someone else important at that time; the words are designed to paint the picture of a man who left his mark on the world in a wholly inspiring and uniquely courageous way.




People often say that motivation doesn’t last. Well, neither does bathing — that’s why we recommend it daily. — Zig Ziglar


Everyone loves a fresh start. Each year, millions of Americans ring in the new year with aspirations through the ritual of New Year’s resolutions. Depressingly, resolutions are rarely kept; nearly 50 percent of Americans set goals this time of year, but only eight percent actually follow through. It probably comes as no shock that approximately 80 percent of January gym joiners abandon their membership by the second week of February.

The origins of resolutions, interestingly, are religious. The ancient Babylonians receive credit for creating both the tradition of setting resolutions as well as celebrating the new year about 4,000 years ago. During an extensive 12-day festival, they made vows to the gods to pay their debts and return anything borrowed … with the added incentive that if they kept their word, they would bask in the gods’ favor that year. If not, they faced divine displeasure.

Roughly 2,000 years later in ancient Rome, Julius Caesar established January as the beginning of the new year, which had previously been in March. The month’s namesake, Janus, was the two-faced god of doorways and arches, symbolically looking backwards into the past and also ahead into the coming year. The Romans offered sacrifices to him at the start of the new year, promising good conduct.

Today, Americans’ top 10 resolutions include: 1) Improve health through losing weight, exercising more, eating healthier, or drinking less. 2) Curb a bad habit, like smoking or nail biting. 3) Boost mental well-being — laugh more, think more positively, be less grumpy, reduce stress. 4) Reform finances by saving more or paying off debt. 5) Advance education by finishing a degree, earning a new one, or just taking a Great Courses class for fun. 6) Pick up a new hobby or spend more time improving an old one. 7) Engage in general self-improvement — be more organized, read more, or spend less time on social media. 8) Volunteer and donate more to charities. 9) Spend more quality time with family members. 10) Make new friends.

Most people have trouble sticking to their resolutions (including yours truly) primarily because they do not implement the needed strategies for success. Some helpful suggestions for meeting goals include: don’t set unrealistic goals that are ultimately unachievable. Instead, strive for small, manageable changes and then grow from there. Be specific and create an action plan, then strive to complete those steps as your daily or weekly goal. Write down your goal and look at it every day. Track your progress … it is a lot easier to resist eating the chocolate chip cookie or skipping a day of exercise if you know you are going to write the failure down in a log. Have an accountability partner to encourage you to stay on track. Set a reward for yourself when you meet your goal.

Whatever your hopes, wishes, and goals for 2018, the very best of luck, and happy New Year from CMM!

Hands on Indie



Crafty Feast 2013 - by Anne McQuary 20 (1).jpg


Indie – “any business or designer not associated with a large company.” This buzzword, defined by Urban Dictionary, conveys the flavor of an upcoming event in Columbia called “Crafty Feast.” The event is the 9th annual indie craft fair to grace the area just in time for Christmas shopping. From 10 a.m. until 6 p.m. Saturday, December 10th at Columbia Metropolitan Convention Center, handcrafted and repurposed goods will be on display.


Crafty Feast Dec. 13 2015 by Anne McQuary-27 CHI designs.jpg

Close to 100 indie craftspeople are from in and around Columbia, or from South Carolina, North Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Kentucky, and Florida. At least a third of the exhibitors are new to Crafty Feast. Everything from funky, one-of-a-kind pieces to distinct paper products to quality apparel will be on display.

Two booths will even give attendees a chance to try their own hand at making a craft. Plus, a DJ will keep the indie atmosphere upbeat. Crafty Feast Dec. 13 2015 by Anne McQuary-39.jpg

Last year’s Crafty Feast drew almost 3,000 to the one-afternoon, Vista-located market. Admission is $3. For more information about Crafty Feast’s crafty vendors, visit http://www.craftyfeast.com.

Crafty Feast 2016 photos by Anne McQuary 54.jpg





Confession: I have never been a good speller. I struggled at least as much with spelling in fourth grade as I did with chemistry in 10th. One word, among many, that has always perplexed me is the word “receipt.” Why is the “p” silent? Just to add to my confusion is the word “recipe,” which also does not follow any English phonetic rules (if there even are any). Yet, both words sound and look similar to each other.

Upon investigation, it turns out that receipt and recipe used to have the same meaning and derive from the Latin word recipere, which means to receive or take. Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales (1386) contains the first known use of the word receipt and is in reference to a medical prescription formula. The use of receipt as a slip of paper acknowledging the receipt of goods in exchange for an amount of money did not begin until the early 17th century.

The word recipe is first recorded about 15 years after Canterbury Tales in a book on surgery. The imperative form of the original Latin verb meaning “take,” recipe was an injunction and frequently the first word used in a prescription (receipt), followed by the list of ingredients the patient was to consume. An abbreviation in the form of the letter R with a bar through the leg still appears on modern medical prescriptions.

Food and medicine have a long history together, as many of the same ingredients used for food preparation were also key in a physician’s practice. Receipt was first used in a culinary sense in 1716, and recipe was similarly recorded not long after. Recipe has gradually replaced receipt for cooking instructions over the decades since.

Surprisingly, the United States has preserved this original use of “receipt” the longest. Upon digging through old cookbooks for “Heirloom Recipes” on page 54, we came across many old, traditional “receipt” books from Charleston and Savannah. We hope you enjoy this article sharing traditional recipes from families across Columbia and its surrounding cities. Perhaps it will conjure up favorite, or forgotten, memories of your grandmother teaching you her favorite receipts!

From all of us at CMM, a very Merry Christmas and happy holiday season!



Review: My Health is Better in November, Havilah Babcock

My Health Is Better In November, published in 1947 by Havilah Babcock, is a compilation of 35 hunting and fishing stories written by one of South Carolina’s favorite authors. Babcock was actually a native of Virginia, but he spent 38 years as one of USC’s most popular English professors. Living across the street from the Horseshoe at 803 Sumter St., Babcock enjoyed an enviable life as a tenured professor during a time when wild quail abounded. In those days, a man at the end of the work day (or close to it) could rush home, grab his shotgun, a handful of shells, whistle for his dog, and head off for a couple hours of bird hunting before dark. He didn’t have to go far — just the outskirts of town, which in those days might be around Wildewood or Spring Valley. Farmers were happy to allow hunters on their land, and birds were everywhere.

240625.jpgBabcock was a prolific writer. He gained a following and popularity through articles written for Field & Stream as well as other publications. The stories in My Health Is Better In November originally appeared in Field & Stream, Outdoor Life, and Sports Afield during the heyday of the outdoor press when these publications were at their zenith. In this book, Babcock’s stories are humorous “how to” tales on subjects such as what bait to use for bream, the importance of honeysuckle thickets for quail, where to fish for crappie, and how to overcome a shooting slump … as well as how to stay in good standing with your spouse. One of my favorites is a story on how to get rid of chiggers. In this tale, Babcock suffers from the pesky parasite and comes upon squirrel hunter. He asks the hunter how to get rid of them: “‘What kind are they?’ He cocked his head critically, as if the matter called for connoisseurship… [After explaining to Babcock that there is the North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia variety, he goes on to say] ‘thar’s a heap o’ things South Car’lina don’t rate so high in. But I’ll tell you right now, mister, thar ain’t no other state can hold a candle to us in the output of chiggers. Yes, sir’, he snapped his suspenders with state pride, ‘the South Car’lina chigger is in a class by hisself.’”

In Babcock’s day, hunting and fishing were greater pastimes than they are today, but 17 million Americans still hunt, and more than double that fish… making My Health Is Better In November still a relevant choice of reading today. In the final, and titular story, Babcock relates his knowledge of a man (himself), and how nine months out of the year he doesn’t feel too well and some consider him irritable. When the first frost rolls around in November, “there is a noticeable improvement to his health. And when quail season arrives, he is a new man. His outlook is buoyant, his disposition amiable, and the household hears nothing of his woes – not a solitary complaint – for the next three months. For the master of the household is paying ardent court to Bob-White and his bashful bevy.”

Fresh Fall Decorating Ideas

Easy and fabulous tips for upcoming entertaining

By Muffie Vardell Wells

Autumn Table Setting

Decorating your home for Thanksgiving invites natural, earthy, golden snapshots of fall. Forage through your house and yard for natural items– gather an assortment of burlap, raffia, fall leaves, pine cones, pumpkins, gourds, apples, candles, and cut herbs. Focus on fun, inexpensive, and festive!

For a table centerpiece option, use a burlap runner. Zigzag pillar candles down the center and loosely lay eucalyptus throughout. Place red apples and pine cones randomly in the leaves for interest, or, alternately, use small pumpkins and gourds. A few large leaves could also be a decorative accent, and a fall colored tablecloth can serve as an anchor.

Try filling the lower part of glass hurricanes with nuts or berries and set the pillar candle on top. It can also be fun to fill clay flowerpots with greenery and pine cones.

Raffia is your friend. Tie it thickly around pillar candles and attach herbs, such as sage or rosemary. Perhaps you have slices of a tree stump that you can put under the candles. Try tying raffi or colored twine around napkins that hold the silverware. Stick a piece of greenery under the knot. Make place cards from simple squares of cardboard and thread a piece of rosemary at the top. Fresh herbs create an easy way to personalize the table.

Remember to make your centerpieces low. This allows eye contact among guests and encourages lively conversation.

Flickering candles make a holiday table special, and place cards are always a good idea as your guests will not have to think about where they should sit.

Finally, decorate for a fall party way in advance so that the actual entertaining is enjoyable and relaxing.